Leukoplakia and erythroplakia
Keratinization of the surface layer of the epithelium of the cervix is called leukoplakia. Many researchers attributed the emergence of the disease to the lack of female hormones – estrogens. But this contradicts the existence in many patients with an excess of this hormone. Most often the disease occurs in women with irregular menstrual cycle. Leukoplakia is simple (does not rise above the surface epithelium) and squamous (rises above the surface of the epithelium, a dense consistency).
Detection of the disease occurs mostly at random, when viewed on other diseases. The greatest amount of information about the disease gives a colposcopy and morphological study of tissue. Externally, the disease appears as whitish patches on the mucous membrane. It must be differentiated from other horny plaques attacks (thrush), clumps of mucus and stuff. Foci of the disease can be either single or multiple.
To treat this disease is using cryosurgical, electrosurgical, laser surgical methods. It is the most effective diatermo surgery. But this method has many negative consequences, for example, endometriosis.
Laser coagulation may take place not in a hospital, she had little traumatic. But in this disease effect is achieved by using a set of measures. In addition to burns, it is necessary to carry out hormonal and antimicrobial therapy. When running process is appropriate plastic cancer or amputation of her neck.
Thinning of the layers of the epithelium covering the cervix is called erythroplakia. This red patches, sometimes with a bluish tint. Redness due to thinning of the epithelium and closely spaced vessels. Some areas may be keratinized. Diagnosis is made by colposcopy study. Treatment is similar to the treatment of leukoplakia. The success of treatment depends on the detection of the disease at an early stage. With regard to the causes of erythroplakia, they are not fully understood. The same is true in the case of leukoplakia. Hypotheses about the origin of these diseases are similar.